Automation Overview
Are you interested in Automation after engineering? This is a branch of science and technology that covers areas of design, building,mechanics and industries. This work is done by engineers and covers many different specialties in a number of fields from building to technology,internet and much more.

Automation or automatic control, is the use of variouscontrol systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes infactories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching in telephone networks,steering and stabilization of ships or aircraft and other applications withminimal or reduced human intervention. Some processes have been completelyautomated.

The biggest benefit of automation is that it saves labor,however, it is also used to save energy and materials and to improve quality,accuracy and precision.

The term automation, inspired by the earlier word automatic(coming from automaton), was not widely used before 1947, when General Motorsestablished the automation department. [1] It was during this time thatindustry was rapidly adopting feedback controllers, which were introduced inthe 1930s.[2]

Automation has been achieved by various means includingmechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, electronic and computers, usuallyin combination. Complicated systems, such as modern factories, airplanes andships typically use all these combined

 

The main advantages of automation are:

Increased throughput or productivity.

Improved quality or increased predictability of quality.

Improved robustness (consistency), of processes or product.

Increased consistency of output.

Reduced direct human labor costs and expenses.